human rights

The development of international human rights law and human rights institutions was the great global legal work of the last half century.  But the challenge of our time is transforming that law and the work of those institutions into meaningful, … Continue reading 


the environment

Our natural environment is the foundation of our existence.  The planet and its natural ecosystems are the true commons of humanity.  But according to the widely accepted and alarming concept of the “tragedy of the commons,” individuals acting solely and … Continue reading 


accountability & remedies

All individuals, communities, governments, and corporations have the fundamental responsibility to protect and respect human rights, to avoid rights violations in the first instance and safeguard our shared environment.  But these responsibilities are unstable without a third “pillar”: the requirement … Continue reading 


free, prior & informed consent

Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) has emerged as one of the most important human rights and environmental principles of our time.  It requires that governments, corporations, and other actors, before beginning or continuing natural resource development projects or other … Continue reading 


socioeconomic rights

Socioeconomic rights to water, food, housing, education, health, a healthy environment, and others are enshrined in the Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights and well-established in international human rights law.  Governments (and private organizations providing traditional government services) must … Continue reading